House Finch

Haemorhous mexicanus




Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Blue with lavender and black spots at large end.

Number of Eggs:

2 - 6

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In trees or shrubs, under eaves of buildings, and occasionally on the ground,

Nest Material:

Twigs, grass, leaves, rootlets, bits of debris, and feathers.


Some migrate



House Finch: Medium-sized finch with brown-streaked back and wings and brown-streaked white underparts. Head, throat and rump are pink-red. Tail is relatively long and weakly notched. Bill is short and slightly decurved. Female lacks red in the plumage, has a gray-brown head and upperparts, finely streaked darker on face, streaked mantle and scapulars with pale fringes. Juveniles are brown-streaked overall. All plumage may show yellow wash on head, back and breast; in adult males, yellow wash sometimes completely replaces red.

Range and Habitat

House Finch: Resident from southeastern Canada to Mexico. Introduced to eastern North America, where it is now widespread in cities and residential areas. In the west, preferred habitats include chaparral, deserts, orchards, and suburban areas. Now widely distributed throughout much of the U.S. and Mexico.

Breeding and Nesting

House Finch: These finches are monogamous and form breeding pairs. Two to six blue eggs with lavender and black spots are laid in a tightly woven, compact nest set in a bush, thicket or natural cavity or on a building. The nest is built by the female, and is made of twigs, grass, leaves, rootlets and feathers. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

House Finch: Their diet includes seeds such as thistle, dandelion, sunflower and mistletoe. They also eat buds, flowers, leaves and fruits. They forage on the ground and perch on grasses, shrubs, cacti and trees. In the western United States they frequently hover to eat fruits and flowers, and can feed and drink while hovering. They feed alone, in pairs, or in small flocks in breeding season.

Readily Eats

Sunflower, Nyjer


House Finch: Song is an extensive series of warbling notes ending in "zeee", canary-like but without the musical trills and rolls.

Similar Species

House Finch: Cassin's and Purple finches have streaks on breasts, shorter, notched tails, and different calls.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
The upper surface of the back and wings covered with shorter feathers.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Short feathers in the area where the bird’s back and wings join.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X