Kelp Gull

Larus dominicanus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)

Code 4

KEGU

Code 6

LARDOM

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Kelp Gull is native to South America, Australia, parts of Africa and the Caribbean. The range of this bird species is about 10 million square kilometers. The population of the Kelp Gull is about 3.5 million individual birds. The rating of the Kelp Gull at this time is Least Concern. The prior rating for the Kelp Gull was Lower Risk, which was downgraded to Least Concern in 2004 due to the range and population of the Kelp Gull. There are no known threats facing the range or the population of the Kelp Gull at this time.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Kelp Gull: Large, stocky gull with white head, underparts, tail. Black back and upperwing with white trailing edge and one distinctive white spot on outer primary tip. Bill is yellow with a red spot near tip; eyes are yellow-gray with red orbital rings; legs and feet are yellow-green.


Range and Habitat

Kelp Gull: Widespread along coasts and on islands throughout the Southern Hemisphere, occurring in southern Africa, Madagascar, Australia, New Zealand, South America and the Falkland Islands, as well as on Antarctica and many sub-Antarctic islands. Found in a variety of habitats including harbors, bays, inlets, estuaries, beaches and rocky shores. Accidental in Maryland.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"kee-ooch", "kwee-ah, kwee-ah, kwee-ah"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Recent populations of Kelp gulls have increased in some locations perhaps due to human subsidies: trawler fish discards, scraps from fish processing plants, and coastal rubbish piles.
  • The species name comes from the Dominican order of friars who wore black and white habits.
  • It is the only gull of the Southern Ocean.
  • A group of gulls has many collective nouns, including a "flotilla", "gullery", "screech", "scavenging", and "squabble" of gulls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Kelp Gull

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

John Schwarz

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X