American Crow: Large, black bird with dark, stout bill, iridescent violet gloss on body, and blue-black wings. Tail is fan-shaped in flight. Sexes are similar.
Range and Habitat
American Crow: Breeds from British Columbia, central interior Canada and Newfoundland south to southern California, across the plains and Midwest to the Gulf Coast and Florida. Usually winters north to southern Canada. Preferred habitats include woodlands, farms, fields, river groves, shorelines, and towns.
Breeding and Nesting
American Crow: Three to seven blue green to olive green eggs with dark markings are laid in a large nest made of twigs and sticks lined with feathers, grass, plant material, and rootlets. Nest is built in a tree or shrub, up to 100 feet above the ground. May use cross posts of utility poles as a nest site; in prairies, nests may be built on the ground. Nest is built by both parents, sometimes with the help of extra birds. Both parents incubate eggs for about 18 days. Young stay in nest 4 to 5 weeks before fledging.
Foraging and Feeding
American Crow: Diet includes fruits, snails, salamanders, grain, small birds, mice, eggs, toads, corn, insects, and carrion. Around coastal areas, crows display behavior similar to that of gulls, taking clams and mussels and dropping them from heights to crack open shells.
Cracked Corn, Peanuts
American Crow: Although there are many variations, makes a familiar "caw-caw" or "caa-caa."
American Crow: Fish Crow is smaller, has more pointed wings, a more slender bill, longer tail, and different call. Northwestern Crow has a separate range. Common Raven is much larger with heavy, stout bill, shaggy throat feathers, wedge-shaped tail, and different call.