Mottled Duck

Anas fulvigula

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4

MODU

Code 6

ANAFUL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Mottled Duck has a large range, estimated globally at 200,000 square kilometers. Native to the United States and Mexico, this bird prefers wetland and marine ecosystems, though it can live in areas of flooded agricultural land. The global population of this bird is estimated at 170,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Mottled Duck is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Mottled Duck: Medium dabbling duck with dark brown mottled body, feathers usually show distinct multi-toned chevrons, buff-brown face and unmarked neck, darker crown and eye line. Speculum is blue-green bordered with black and fine white bars. Bill is bright yellow; legs and feet are orange.

 

Range and Habitat

Mottled Duck: Breeds along the Gulf Coast from Texas to Florida, and has been introduced to the South Carolina coast. It is a non-migratory, year-round resident of coastal marshes, both freshwater and estuarine. Forages in rice and agricultural fields, particularly in autumn. Occasionally found inland.

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Mottled Duck SONGS AND CALLS

Mottled Duck A1

Raspy, low "raeb" quacks from a male in flight. (Repeated)

Mottled Duck A2

"Quack" calls from the female of a pair of birds as they take flight.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"quack"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Floridan population is separated as the nominate subspecies Anas fulvigula fulvigula and is occasionally called the Florida Duck or Florida Mallard.
  • The only duck adapted to breeding in southern marshes, the Mottled Duck is a relative of the Mallard. It is in danger of being displaced by introduced Mallards, primarily because of hybridization.
  • Until recently, no other duck of the genus Anas nested in these marshes, and the distinctive male plumage was gradually lost. After thousands of years of evolutionary change, the two sexes are colored alike.
  • A group of ducks has many collective nouns, including a "brace", "flush", "paddling", "raft", and "team" of ducks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Ashli Maruster

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Eye lineX
The line of feathers just in front of and behind the eyes. It extends back from the posterior angle of the eye. This can be a useful trait used in identification in the field since it is very noticeable.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
SpeculumX
The brightly colored area on the wing (secondaries of the wing) on several duck species.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X