Red-faced Cormorant

Phalacrocorax urile

Order

SULIFORMES

Family

Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)

Code 4

RFCO

Code 6

PHAURI

ITIS

Egg Color:

Pale blue, often nest stained



Number of Eggs:

3 - 4



Incubation Days:

31 - 38



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

On cliff ledge.



Nest Material:

Seaweed, grass lined with feathers, ocean debris



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Red-faced Cormorant: Dark brown to black with variable green and violet iridescence. Bright red face patch, dull bill. Breeding adults develop white patches on flanks and white neck feathers or "plumes." Juvenile is dark brown, with a pale yellow-gray bill.

Range and Habitat

Red-faced Cormorant: Found in the far north of the Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea, from the eastern tip of Hokkaido in Japan, via the Kuril Islands, the southern tip of the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Aleutian Islands to the Alaska Peninsula and Gulf of Alaska. Prefers rocky coasts for both feeding and breeding habitat.

Breeding and Nesting

Red-faced Cormorant: Monogamous nester of coastal Alaska and northeast Asia. Small flocks or colonies nest on steep and rocky mainland cliffs or islands. Female and male build nest of seaweed, grass, and ocean debris on rocky ledge. Female lays three or four pale blue eggs. Both sexes incubate for 31 to 38 days, and rear altricial young. Fledging occurs at 40 to 50 days, with young birds often returning to nest over the first few weeks after fledging to be cared for by adults.

Foraging and Feeding

Red-faced Cormorant: Dives from surface of water to pursue fish often near rocky shores. Seen feeding in mixed flocks alongside Pelagic Cormorant. Has been observed feeding in deeper waters, up to 12 miles from shore.

Vocalization

Red-faced Cormorant: A collections of hisses, croaks and groans.

Similar Species

Red-faced Cormorant: Pelagic cormorant averages slightly smaller and slimmer with thinner, darker bill. In all plumages, adult Red-faced show extensive bright red patch surrounding the eye and extending to forehead. Pelagic show much reduced red face patch often indiscernible at distance. Both Brandt's Cormorant and Double-crested Cormorant are larger and lack any red on face.

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X